Eid ul Fitr


Throughout the month of Ramadan, Muslims observe a strict fast and take part in religious activities like peace-making and charitable giving. It is a time of extreme spiritual rebirth for those who observe it. At the end of Ramadan, Muslims all over the world observe a festive three-day celebration known as Eid ul-Fitr, which is the Festival of Fast Breaking.

Eid ul-Fitr, frequently called Eid means "festivity", and Fi?r means "to break fast"; therefore the holiday signifies the breaking of the fasting period. It is observed after the end of the Islamic month of Ramadan, on the initial day of Shaw'waal which is the 10th month of the Islamic calendar. Eid ul-Fitr or the 'festival of fast breaking' is the most festive of all the Muslim celebrations. The term 'Eid' has been originated from the Arabic word 'oud', which also means 'the return' and signifies the return of the festival each year.

The celebration is momentous as much for its timing, as it is for its religious connotations. Legend has it that the Koran was made known to Prophet Mohammed in the final ten days of Ramadan. The celebration signifies the start of festivities and enjoyment for a time frame of three days. Eid ul-Fitr is filled with thanksgiving and joy.

Prior to the day of Eid, within the final number of days of Ramadan, every Muslim family bestows an established amount as a contribution to the poor. This contribution is of real food such as barley and rice and other provisions. This is to make sure that the needy can have a holiday meal and take part in the festivities. This contribution is referred to as Sadaqah al-Fitr, which means Charity of Fast Breaking.

On the day of Eid, women look about sweets at home and every Muslim is seen embellished in new attire, as they are persuaded to dress in their best clothes, new if feasible for the celebration. Muslims assemble early in the morning in outdoor spots such as fields, squares or mosques to carry out the Eid prayer. After the Eid prayer is the Khutbah which is a sermon that educates Muslims as to the act of the rituals of Eid, like the Zakat (an offering of a small fraction of one's belongings to charity, usually to poor and Muslims in need). Afterwards there is a prayer, known as Dua' requesting pardon, forgiveness and assistance for each and everyone all over the world. It is then traditional to hold in your arms the individuals sitting on either side of you, when you are greeting them.

After the Eid prayer, Muslims usually go to visit several friends and family members, provide gifts, especially to children, and make phone calls to distant family to offer them well-wishes for the holiday and some persons also go to visit graveyards. These actions customarily go on for the three days of the celebration. In many Muslim countries, the three days are certified government and school holidays.

Eid ul-Fitr promotes the shared characteristics of the fast, which conveys many of the essential values of the Muslim community. It is a time to give in charity to those in need, and rejoice with friends and relatives, the close of a month of joy and blessings.


Upcoming Ramadan Calendar dates
2018 - May 15 to June 14
2019 - May 5 to June 4
2020 - April 23 to May 23
2021 - April 12 to May 11
2022 - April 2 to May 1
2023 - March 22 to April 20

Ramadan Trivia

How exactly are the Ramadan calendar dates determined? The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the new moon indicates the beginning of the new month, you can usually safely estimate the beginning of Ramadan. Naturally, there are and will always be disagreements about the exact start and end dates of Ramadan when using the naked eye. More recently however, more Muslims are turning to the use of astronomical calculations in order to avoid this confusion.